Air Entrapment Tee

Technical Background

In sewer rising mains (especially sizes >DN350) 'Air Entrapment Tees' are typically installed, instead of air valves mounted directly on the pipeline. Air Entrapment Tees comprises of a PE tee piece (typically an Equal tee or one size smaller) installed in the pipeline and fitted with a 316 stainless steel flanged blanking plate. This blanking plate includes a threaded or flanged SS fitting welded to the blanking plate to plumb the takeoff using PE to another location for remote air management.  

The three main reasons an Air Entrapment Tee is used:

1. Insufficient cover - as the pipe size gets larger, the height from the top of the pipe to the top of the air valve increases because the components get larger. Therefore the pipeline must be buried deeper (have more cover) to accommodate the increasing air valve height inside the chamber. (The cost of burying a pipe deeper is incredibly more expensive than simply installing air valves above ground in a remote chamber away from the pipe)

2. Air valve size - Typical sewer air valves are DN 50, 80, 100, sizes greater than this are available, but are costly and not commonly available. So in larger pipelines, where large volumes of air are released when filling the pipeline, or air let in when draining the pipeline, a manifold of smaller valves is typically used. 

2. Capturing air bubbles - in order to De-gas a pumped rising main effectively, you need to capture small air bubbles that are created by changes in pressure and pumping which are carried along inside the pipe. Where sewer velocities are high (>1.0m/s), especially in larger pipes, these bubbles rush past off takes quickly so are not expelled. Air Entrapment tees provide a circular 'catchment area' above the flow path to maximise capture of air bubbles created through pumping operations or changes in pressure where velocities are relatively high

This assembly also provides an access and inspection point which can also be used to launch and retrieve CCTV equipment from. These tees and blanking plates are fully pressure rated.

Air Entrapment Tee / Flanged Offtake / Moulded

Fully pressure rated PE100+ fabricated assembly with long spigot ends for electrofusion on-site. Matched with a 316 Stainless Steel flanged blanking plate and a flanged or threaded reducing outlet for connection to the PE assembly with an O-Ring NBR seal. This fitting can be used for the direct connection of a sewer air valve onto the pipeline or attached to PE flange adaptor and 90º bend, allowing one or more air valves to be located in an alternate location on an air release/intake manifold. 

The matching grade 316 Stainless steel flanged plate resists H2SO4 attack and provides a maintenance-free performance equivalent to the life of the PE pipe. The flange offtake size is configurable in various combinations to suit the application - Refer to the flange blanking plate table below.    

Z2 (height of off take flange) is shown as '≥ XXX' meaning this product can be custom ordered with a Z2 dimension equal to or greater than that given in this table.
This assembly is combined with a 316SS flanged blanking plate selected from the table below. Includes seal and 316 (A4) stainless fastenings.
SDR17 PN10 SDR11 PN16 dn1 dn2 Z1 le Z2 Availability in Hong Kong
P5314.C6.250250 P5316.C6.250250 250 250 FL 250 PN16 535 130 ≥ 273 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.280250 P5316.C6.280250 280 280 FL 250 PN16 602 139 ≥ 292 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.315300 P5316.C6.315300 315 315 FL 300 PN16 650 150 ≥ 317 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.355350 P5316.C6.355350 355 355 FL 350 PN16 722 168 ≥ 376 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.400400 P5316.C6.400400 400 400 FL 400 PN16 728 145 ≥ 408 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.450450 P5316.C6.450450 450 450 FL 450 PN16 890 195 ≥ 443 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.500500 Select from the table below 500 500 FL 500 PN16 1036 230 ≥ 489 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.560500 Select from the table below 560 560 FL 500 PN16 1085 230 ≥ 541 8-12 weeks
P5314.C6.630600 Select from the table below 630 630 FL 600 PN16 1175 230 ≥ 586 8-12 weeks

 

Air Entrapment Tee / Flanged Offtake / Fabricated

As above using fabricated PE tees offering PN16 pressure ratings in larger sizes

The above assembly is combined with a 316SS flanged blanking plate selected from the table below. Includes seal and 316 (A4) stainless fastenings.
Larger sizes in SDR17 / PN10 available to DN1800.
This assembly is combined with a 316SS flanged blanking plate selected from the table below. Includes seal and 316 (A4) stainless fastenings.
SDR17 PN10 SDR11 PN16 dn1 dn2 L le Z1 Z2 Availability in Hong Kong
P5314.44.355350 P5316.44.355350 355 355 FL 350 PN16 1045 300 523  ≥ 376 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.400400 P5316.44.400400 400 400 FL 400 PN16 1100 300 550 ≥ 408 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.450450 P5316.44.450450 450 450 FL 450 PN16 1160 300 580 ≥ 443 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.500500 P5316.44.500500 500 500 FL 500 PN16 1310 350 655 ≥ 489 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.560500 P5316.44.560500 560 560 FL 500 PN16 1380 350 690 ≥ 541 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.630600 P5316.44.630600 630 630 FL 600 PN16 1450 350 725 ≥ 586 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.710700 P5316.44.710700 710 710 FL 700 PN16 1530 350 765 ≥ 675 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.800800 P5316.44.800800 800 800 FL 800 PN16 1660 350 830 ≥ 743 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.900900 P5316.44.900900 900 900 FL 900 PN16 1860 400 930 ≥ 815 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.10001000 P5316.44.10001000 1000 1000 FL 1000 PN16 1960 400 980 ≥ 886 8-12 weeks
P5314.44.12001200 PN16 not available 1200 1200 FL 1200 PN16 2170 400 1085 ≥ 1044 8-12 weeks

 

Air Entrapment Blanking Flange with Offtake / PN16

Fabricated from 316 Stainless steel complying to BS EN 10088-2 Grade 1.4401 or 1.4404. Both flanges are BS EN 1092-1 rated and drilled PN16 unless indicated as a 'BSP' threaded SS socket for DN 50 offtakes. All Flanges supplied with SS lifting hooks blind threaded into the flange.

The blanking flange is fabricated to order so any combination of flange and off-take is available, typical combinations are shown above.
Product Code DN1 (Blanking Flange)

DN2 (off-take) Flanged unless stated as BSP

Z3 Availability in Hong Kong
P09S6.557.25088 250 50 BSP 109 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.250080 250 80 114 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.250100 250 100 126 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.557.30088 300 50 BSP 112 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.300080 300 80 117 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.300100 300 100 129 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.557.35088 350 50 BSP 115 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.350080 350 80 120 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.350100 350 100 132 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.557.40088 400 50 BSP 120 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.400080 400 80 125 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.400100 400 100 137 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.557.45088 450 50 BSP 122 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.450080 450 80 127 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.450100 450 100 139 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.557.50088 500 50 BSP 126 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.500080 500 80 131 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.500100 500 100 143 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.600080 600 80 140 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.600100 600 100 152 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.710080 710 80 148 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.710100 710 100 160 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.710150 710 150 187 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.800080 800 80 159 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.800100 800 100 171 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.800150 800 150 198 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.800200 800 200 210 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.900080 900 80 167 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.900100 900 100 179 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.900150 900 150 206 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.900200 900 200 218 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1000080 1000 80 175 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1000100 1000 100 187 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1000150 1000 150 214 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1000200 1000 200 226 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1000250 1000 250 239 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1200080 1200 80 185 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1200100 1200 100 197 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1200150 1200 150 224 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1200200 1200 200 236 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1200250 1200 250 249 8-12 Weeks
P09S6.G6.1200300 1200 300 262 8-12 Weeks